Changing definitionsof leadership….
1927: “...the ability to impress the will of the leader on those led and induce obedience, respect, loyalty, and cooperation.” (Steward, in Moore, 1927)
1930’s: “…interaction between specific traits of one person and other traits of the many, in such a way that the course of action of the many is changed by the one.” (Bogardus, 1934)
The next several slides illustrate the expansion of the definitions of leadership over the last several decades. Here are some additional examples:
1930’s: “Popular notions of leadership tend to be expressed in terms of power to command or ability to dominate. The whole contention of this book is, however, that commanding of itself is wholly inadequate as a basis for getting results from people working in association. …Leadership is interested in how people can be brought to work together for a common end effectively and happily. (Tead, 1935, pages 11-12, quoted in Rost, page 48)”
“Leadership may be broadly defined as the relation between an individual and a group built around some common interest and behaving in a manner directed or determined by him.” (Schmidt, 1933, page 282, quoted in Rost, page 48)