Joseph C. Rost. Leadership for the Twenty-first Century, 1993.
Leadership is an influence relationship among leaders and followers who intend real changes that reflect their mutual purposes.
Four essential elements must be present:
- 1. The relationship is based on influence.
- The influence relationship is multidirectional;
- the influence behaviors are noncoercive.
- 2. Leaders and followers are the people in this relationship.
- The followers are active;
- there must be more than one follower, and there is typically more than one leader in the relationship;
- the relationship is inherently unequal because the influence patterns are unequal.